Santa Fe is a small, flat island right in the center of the Galapagos archipelago, and is thought to be one of the oldest volcanoes here. Dating of the rocks below the water estimate they were formed almost 4 million years ago.
Santa Fe had it's own breed of Giant Tortoise that became extinct at some point in the 1800s due to being hunted for meat. There are two species that are unique to the island still present here - the Santa Fe Land Iguana, and the Santa Fe Rice Rat.
The Santa Fe iguanas live in the giant Opuntia forest that grows densley in the interior, and they feed on the fleshy parts of this cactus. Among other species common on Santa Fe are Galapagos Hawks, Darwin's Finches, and Galapagos Mockingbirds. Galapagos Sea Lions and Galapagos Sharks are often seen off the eastern coast.
Fast Facts about Santa Fe Island
- Santa Fe is currently free of invasive rats. These are the biggest threat to the endemic Rice Rat
- Santa Fe has one of the most beautiful and sheltered coves in the Galapagos
- If you are lucky you may catch a glimpse of a Galapagos Snake, rarely seen on Santa Fe
- There are several colonies of Galapagos Sea Lions on the beaches around Santa Fe