Whilst her twin, North Plaza, is closed to visitors, South Plaza is one of the best visitor sites in the Galapagos thanks to the large number of species present on her small area.
The Plazas were the result of a geological uplift, and because this was uneven they both have cliffs on their south sides and low lying shores on their northern coasts.
The most noticeable (and noisiest) of South Plaza's residents are her Galapagos Sea Lions, who have a large colony here. Less obvious are her land iguanas (the smallest in the islands), many marine iguanas and large numbers and varieties of seabirds.
Inland is a mix of scrubby vegetation and giant opuntia cactus forest, providing food for the iguanas. As you follow the circular hiking trail you will come to the summit of the cliffs here where you'll be among countless nesting seabirds.
Fast Facts about South Plaza Island
- South Plaza only covers 150,000sq yards, and is only 70ft above sea level
- South Plaza is home to many Sesuvium plants that form a red carpet on top of the lava
- the South Plaza vegetation changes color from bright green to orange and purple depending on season
- South Plaza was formed by lava up streaming from the bottom of the ocean.
Animals on the island South Plaza
- Galapagos Frigatebirds
- Blue-Footed Booby
- Galapagos Sea Lion
- Galapagos Marine Iguana
- Darwin's Finches
- Nazca Booby
- Red-Billed Tropicbird
- Galapagos Land Iguana
- Galapagos Green Turtle
- Galapagos Sting Rays
- Galapagos Lava Lizard
- Galapagos Dove
- Galapagos Shearwater
- Galapagos Petrel
- Galapagos Lava Gull
- Swallow-Tailed Gull
- Brown Pelican
- Great Blue Heron
- Galapagos Lava Heron